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[EP-tech] Re: How to set a field to be multilang (Imports brake)



Hi!

You will have to override default import plugins, ie. copy original ones 
and make them write to new multilang field(s).

I've made a mistake a long time ago with changing original title, 
abstract, keyword fileds into multilang so we are still coping with it :))

Kind regards,
Alen
--
http://fulir.irb.hr

On 09/09/2015 10:34 AM, George Mamalakis wrote:
> Hello everybody, and wishes for a happy academical-year!
>
> I am returning to the subject of multilang fields when the title and
> subject are created in the way described in the last mail of this
> thread, because of a problem that arises when import plugins are used.
>
> As I was informed by our library staff, when they wanted to import (eg.
> BibTeX) a document, the title and abstract fields were not filled. I
> tried it myself (through the web interface) and they were true (no
> errors in apache). I suppose that the import plugins use the title and
> abstract field to write data, but in our case these fields are virtual,
> so I have no idea how they handle inserts.
>
> Any idea and help would be greatly appreciated, since not being use
> EPrints import functionality, practically renders the creation of basic
> multilang fields (title and abstract) created in that way unusable.
>
> Thanks all in advance!
>
> On 01/07/2015 01:05 ??, George Mamalakis wrote:
>> OK,
>>
>> I'll keep it in mind.
>>
>> Thanks
>>
>> On 01/07/2015 12:15 ??, Field A.N. wrote:
>>> You don't have a render_value property, but a quick scan of the MetaField object suggests that you might not need one if you're just making a text node from the value.  Not 100% sure though -- if it works, then don't worry about it :)
>>>
>>>
>>> --
>>> Adam Field
>>> Business Relationship Manager and Community Lead
>>> EPrints Services
>>> +44 (0)23 8059 8814
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>>
>>> On 30 Jun 2015, at 16:39, George Mamalakis wrote:
>>>
>>>> OK, it's done.
>>>>
>>>> I'll upload the procedure on the wiki when I finish with my project (it'll be after the summer) or if I find free time in the meantime.
>>>>
>>>> The general steps are (in order to replace the title field in this example):
>>>>
>>>> 1) Create a MetaField which returns a value ( ~eprints/lib/plugins/EPrints/MetaField/Virtualwithvalue.pm) containing the code found in Adam's video:
>>>>
>>>> package EPrints::MetaField::Virtualwithvalue;
>>>>
>>>> use strict;
>>>> use warnings;
>>>>
>>>> use EPrints::MetaField;
>>>>
>>>> our @ISA = qw( EPrints::MetaField );
>>>>
>>>> use strict;
>>>>
>>>> sub get_property_defaults
>>>> {
>>>>        my ( $self ) = @_;
>>>>        my %defaults = $self->SUPER::get_property_defaults;
>>>>        $defaults{get_value} = undef;
>>>>        return %defaults;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> sub get_value
>>>> {
>>>>        my( $self, $object ) = @_;
>>>>        if ( defined $self->get_property("get_value") )
>>>>        {
>>>>            return $self->call_property( "get_value", $object);
>>>>        }
>>>>        return undef;
>>>> }
>>>>
>>>> 2) Change ./archives/myarchive/cfg/cfg.d/eprint_fields.pl to contain the new fields (ml_title and the new title field (which is based on our newly created MetaField derivative)), ie:
>>>>
>>>> {
>>>>        name => 'ml_title',
>>>>        type => 'multilang',
>>>>        multiple => 1,
>>>>        fields => [ { sub_name => "text", type => "longtext", input_rows => 3, make_single_value_orderkey => 'EPrints::Extras::english_title_orderkey' } ],
>>>>        input_add_boxes => 1,
>>>> },
>>>>
>>>> {
>>>>        name => 'title',
>>>>        type => 'virtualwithvalue',
>>>>        virtual => 1,
>>>>
>>>>        get_value => sub
>>>>        {
>>>>            my ($eprint) = @_;
>>>>            if ($eprint->is_set('ml_title'))
>>>>            {
>>>>                my $vals = $eprint->get_value('ml_title');
>>>>                my $title = '';
>>>>                # set the default lang's text as title
>>>>                foreach my $v1 (@{$vals})
>>>>                {
>>>>                    if (%$v1{'lang'} eq $c->{defaultlanguage})
>>>>                    {
>>>>                        $title = %$v1{'text'};
>>>>                    }
>>>>                }
>>>>                # if not a default lang found, get the first object's text as title
>>>>                if ($title eq '')
>>>>                {
>>>>                    $title = ${$$vals[0]}{'text'} ;
>>>>                }
>>>>                return $title;
>>>>
>>>>            }
>>>>            return undef;
>>>>        }
>>>> },
>>>>
>>>> 3) Update your archive in order to create the new field:
>>>>
>>>> $ ./bin/epadmin update myarchive
>>>>
>>>> 4) Add the appropriate phrases in ~/archives/myarchive/cfg/lang/en/phrases/local.xml (and do it for any other language you may have):
>>>>
>>>> <!-- multilang title related phrases -->
>>>>        <epp:phrase id="eprint_fieldname_ml_title">Title</epp:phrase>
>>>>        <epp:phrase id="eprint_fieldname_ml_title_text">Text</epp:phrase>
>>>>        <epp:phrase id="eprint_fieldname_ml_title_lang">Language</epp:phrase>
>>>>        <epp:phrase id="eprint_fieldhelp_ml_title">The title of the item. The title should not end with a full stop, but may end with a question mark. There is no way to make italic text, please enter it normally. If you have a subtitle, it should be preceded with a colon [:]. Use capitals only for the first word and for proper nouns.
>>>> <br/>Example: <span class="ep_form_example">A brief history of time</span>
>>>> <br/>Example: <span class="ep_form_example">Life: an unauthorised biography</span>
>>>> <br/>Example: <span class="ep_form_example">Mathematics for engineers and scientists. 5th edition</span>
>>>> <br/>Example: <span class="ep_form_example">Ecosystems of the world. Vol. 26. Estuaries of the world</span>
>>>> </epp:phrase>
>>>>
>>>> 5) Add (and remove) the appropriate entries in you workflows (~/archives/myarchive/cfg/workflows/eprint/default.xml) in the "core" section:
>>>>
>>>> <!--    <component><field ref="title" required="yes" input_lookup_url="{$config{rel_cgipath}}/users/lookup/title_duplicates" input_lookup_params="id={eprintid}&amp;dataset=eprint&amp;field=title" /></component>
>>>> -->
>>>>        <component><field ref="ml_title" required="yes"/></component>
>>>>
>>>> 6) Test and reload your archive for your changes to take effect:
>>>> $ ./bin/epadmin test
>>>> $ ./bin/epadmin reload myarchive
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Thanks everyone for the help, and especially Tim and Adam for making it possible!! :):)
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> PS. Hope I haven't forgotten anything...:)
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> On 26/06/2015 05:27 ??, George Mamalakis wrote:
>>>>> Tim,
>>>>>
>>>>> Now that I got illuminated (:-P) by the video regarding EPrints' virtual fields, I am trying to think how I could take advantage of them in order to use to solve my multilanguage-fields problem, and I think I'm a bit stuck.
>>>>>
>>>>> I'll speak my thoughts out loud and please correct me if I'm wrong. Let the target field be the "title".
>>>>>
>>>>> So, we need the title to be stored in more than one languages in the database, which should be "easily" accomplished using a multi-row field. Hence, multilang fields are a perfect candidate for this. We therefore create a new field, let's say ml_title (as you proposed) and store our values in it. Now, in order for EPrints not to break, we change the title field to be a virtual field and compose its output based on ml_title field. In the end, we'll have two fields for the title. The title field (of type virtualfield) that will be calculating its value each time it's called, and the ml_title field (of type multilang). Is that correct?
>>>>>
>>>>> Now that I've written my thoughts, I think I'm no more stuck and I see that your idea is brilliant and very easy!! :):). And if the above paragraph is not your idea, and it's even easier than that, then it'll be even more brilliant!! :):)
>>>>>
>>>>> Cheers again, I'll give it a try on Monday!
>>>>>
>>>>> Once again, nice work Adam and thanks Tim and all of you for your help!
>>>>>
>>>>> PS. It would be extremely beneficial if there were a guide as to how EPrints' internals work. Something that is a little be more explanatory than the "anatomy of a request (http://wiki.eprints.org/w/Anatomy_of_a_request)" and explain how the coders of EPrints really think of EPrints in their minds.
>>>>>
>>>>> On 25/06/2015 11:42 ??, Timothy Miles-Board wrote:
>>>>>> The "problem" is that when you ask $eprint->get_value() for the value of a multilang field it gives you a perl data structure - in this case arrayref (array of {langcode=>text} hashrefs) - ie. the same behaviour as you would expect for a compound field or any field with a multiple value.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> $eprint->get_value() is used everywhere - including in export plugins. So any field where the plugin implicitly expects a string - like title, abstract etc - it will output something like ARRAYx01123123
>>>>>>
>>>>>> So your options are:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> * Fix up all the plugins to be cleverer about how they get the "best" value of multilang field (ie. use get_value() then look at the user's lang / default lang to pull out the best string from the multilang structure) - but this would mean repeating the same routine in every plugin..
>>>>>>
>>>>>> * Change the way that get_value() works so that it somehow decides which behaviour to use (arrayref vs best lang string) based on calling context etc. - get_value is used everywhere in EPrints so this would probably break everything..
>>>>>>
>>>>>> * Add a layer of abstraction between the low level get_value() and the plugins that defines an API for returning language dependent strings - then change all the             plugins to use that (so instead of get_value(), plugins could call get_lang_string() or something - something like this would be the best approach...
>>>>>>
>>>>>> In the meantime, what you could do is instead of changing the default title, abstract etc fields, just define new multilang versions.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> So eg. ml_title, ml_abstract ...
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Then use these in your workflow instead of the default title, abstract .. etc.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Finally in eprint_fields_automatic.pl, write some code to take the ml_* fields and populate the equivalent scalar fields. So eg. get the value of ml_title, pull out the text in the default language (or if the default language version is not defined, some other language in order of preference - the EPrints::Language module already does stuff like this with phrases) and write that value into the title field.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Then anything that expects $eprint->get_value( "title" ) to return a string will be happy (albeit they will always give the default/preferred language).
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Or...
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Change the default title, abstract etc. fields to a virtual field so that you can dynamically work out the (string) value by looking at ml_title, ml_abstract etc - as long as the value returned is always a string this shouldn't break anything.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Food for thought I hope,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Tim
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Timothy Miles-Board
>>>>>> Web & Repositories Development Specialist, University of London Computer Centre
>>>>>> 020 7863 1342  |  07742 970 351  | timothy.miles-board at london.ac.uk | @drtjmb
>>>>>> The University of London is an exempt charity in England and Wales
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> From: eprints-tech-bounces at ecs.soton.ac.uk <eprints-tech-bounces at ecs.soton.ac.uk> on behalf of George Mamalakis <mamalos at eng.auth.gr>
>>>>>> Sent: 25 June 2015 8:38 AM
>>>>>> To: eprints-tech at ecs.soton.ac.uk
>>>>>> Subject: [EP-tech] Re: [spam?] Re: How to set a field to be multilang
>>>>>>     
>>>>>> Thanks Alen, I'll look into it deeper.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> It's sad, though, that default Import/Export plugins break. Could you give a few hints on how to customise these plugins? (general guidelines). Could the changes be applied on the parent Import and Export plugin, or most child plugins tend to override functions dealing with title, abstract, etc?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> And that being the case, isn't it equivalent to adding extra fields for an additional language? Either way same things are broken, right? :)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Lastly, where are these metadata fields stored in the database? Reading the article in the link you provided diagonally, it seems that I need to update the database in order to create them, right?
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Thanks again!
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On 24/06/2015 11:18 ??, Alen Vodopijevec wrote:
>>>>>>> Hi!
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> You have Metadata Field Types documented here:
>>>>>>> http://wiki.eprints.org/w/Category:EPrints_Metadata_Fields
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> But, be aware that changing title, keywords and abstract fields to
>>>>>>> 'compound' breaks default EPrints plugins - export/import .. these
>>>>>>> plugins expect title/keywords/abstract to be simple and not compound
>>>>>>> (hash) value.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> I'm using it that way but there is some extra effort to customize and
>>>>>>> maintain import/export plugins.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> If anybody have a suggestion or a better solution please let me know.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Maybe this is a good opportunity to discuss that i18n issues in EPrints.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Kind regards,
>>>>>>> --
>>>>>>> Alen
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> On 06/24/2015 10:15 AM, George Mamalakis wrote:
>>>>>>>> Ah,
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> And by the way, is there any documentation on this "fields" attribute
>>>>>>>> somewhere? Cos I think it wasn't mentioned anywhere.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Thanks again!
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> On 24/06/2015 10:29 ??, Timothy Miles-Board wrote:
>>>>>>>>> ---------- Forwarded message ----------
>>>>>>>>> From: Timothy Miles-Board <timothy.miles-board at ulcc.ac.uk>
>>>>>>>>> Date: 18 Jun 2015 11:30 pm
>>>>>>>>> Subject: Re: [EP-tech] How to set a field to be multilang
>>>>>>>>> To: eprints-tech at ecs.soton.ac.uk
>>>>>>>>> Cc:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> {
>>>>>>>>> name => 'title',
>>>>>>>>> type => 'multilang',
>>>>>>>>> multiple => 1,
>>>>>>>>> fields => [ { sub_name => "text", type => "longtext",
>>>>>>>>> input_rows => 3, make_single_value_orderkey =>
>>>>>>>>> 'EPrints::Extras::english_title_orderkey' } ],
>>>>>>>>> input_add_boxes => 1,
>>>>>>>>> },
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Tim
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On 23 Jun 2015 9:09 am, George Mamalakis <mamalos at eng.auth.gr> wrote:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Guys (and girls),
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Any news on multilingual fields? Anybody using them?
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> Thanks!
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> George
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> On 18/06/2015 06:31 ??, George Mamalakis wrote:
>>>>>>>>>> Hello again,
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> I am trying to make my EPrints installation support
>>>>>>>>> multilanguage fields
>>>>>>>>>> (eg. title, abstract, etc.). The thing I did that worked (which
>>>>>>>>> doesn't
>>>>>>>>>> feel right to me, though) was adding a new Metadata field (eg.
>>>>>>>>> title_en)
>>>>>>>>>> and add it to the database and workflow. On the documentation,
>>>>>>>>> on the
>>>>>>>>>> other hand, I saw that there is a Multilang field type
>>>>>>>>>> (./perl_lib/EPrints/MetaField/Multilang.pm) which should be
>>>>>>>>> used for
>>>>>>>>>> this purpose. The strange thing is that its perldoc DESCRIPTION
>>>>>>>>> section
>>>>>>>>>> starts with "not done", probably meaning that it's not implemented?
>>>>>>>>>> Disregarding the last comment, when I changed
>>>>>>>>>> ./archives/myarchive/cfg/cfg.d/eprint_fields.pl title field to
>>>>>>>>> read:
>>>>>>>>>> {
>>>>>>>>>> name => 'title',
>>>>>>>>>> type => 'multilang',
>>>>>>>>>> input_rows => 3,
>>>>>>>>>> make_single_value_orderkey =>
>>>>>>>>>> 'EPrints::Extras::english_title_orderkey',
>>>>>>>>>> },
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> and I reloaded epadmin, I got the following error:
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> "Error in field property for eprint.title: fields on a multilang
>>>>>>>>>> metafield can't be undefined"
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> So, which is the proper way for adding multilanguage support in
>>>>>>>>> fields
>>>>>>>>>> and display them in workflows?
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> Thanks for all help in advance!
>>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>>>>> George Mamalakis
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> IT and Security Officer,
>>>>>>>>> Electrical and Computer Engineer (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>>>>> PhD (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>>>>> MSc (Imperial College of London)
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
>>>>>>>>> Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> phone number : +30 (2310) 994379
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> *** Options:
>>>>>>>>> http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>>>>> *** Archive: http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki: http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum: http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>> *** Options:http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>>>>> *** Archive:http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki:http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum:http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>>>> George Mamalakis
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> IT and Security Officer,
>>>>>>>> Electrical and Computer Engineer (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>>>> PhD (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>>>> MSc (Imperial College of London)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
>>>>>>>> Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> phone number : +30 (2310) 994379
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ----------------------------- Upozorenje -----------------------------
>>>>>>>>
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>>>>>>>> podsjeca na tzv. phishing poruku.
>>>>>>>>
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>>>>>>>> DA UNESETE IRB PODATKE NA NAVEDENOM LINKU, RADI SE O
>>>>>>>> NAPADU S CILJEM KRADJE I ZLOUPOTREBE PODATAKA.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> Centar za informatiku i racunarstvo,
>>>>>>>> Institut Rudjer Boskovic
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> ----------------------------- Upozorenje -----------------------------
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>>>> *** Archive: http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki: http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum: http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>>> Sent from my Android device with K-9 Mail. Please excuse my brevity.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> *** Archive:
>>>>>>> http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki:
>>>>>>> http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum:
>>>>>>> http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>>>> -- 
>>>>>> George Mamalakis
>>>>>>
>>>>>> IT and Security Officer,
>>>>>> Electrical and Computer Engineer (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>> PhD (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>>> MSc (Imperial College of London)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
>>>>>> Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
>>>>>>
>>>>>> phone number : +30 (2310) 994379
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *** Archive:
>>>>>> http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki:
>>>>>> http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>>
>>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum:
>>>>>> http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>>> -- 
>>>>> George Mamalakis
>>>>>
>>>>> IT and Security Officer,
>>>>> Electrical and Computer Engineer (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>> PhD (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>>> MSc (Imperial College of London)
>>>>>
>>>>> School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
>>>>> Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
>>>>>
>>>>> phone number : +30 (2310) 994379
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>>
>>>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>>>
>>>>> *** Archive:
>>>>> http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>>>
>>>>> *** EPrints community wiki:
>>>>> http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>>>
>>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum:
>>>>> http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>> -- 
>>>> George Mamalakis
>>>>
>>>> IT and Security Officer,
>>>> Electrical and Computer Engineer (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>> PhD (Aristotle Univ. of Thessaloniki),
>>>> MSc (Imperial College of London)
>>>>
>>>> School of Electrical and Computer Engineering
>>>> Aristotle University of Thessaloniki
>>>>
>>>> phone number : +30 (2310) 994379
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>>> *** Archive: http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>>> *** EPrints community wiki: http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>>> *** EPrints developers Forum: http://forum.eprints.org/
>>> *** Options: http://mailman.ecs.soton.ac.uk/mailman/listinfo/eprints-tech
>>> *** Archive: http://www.eprints.org/tech.php/
>>> *** EPrints community wiki: http://wiki.eprints.org/
>>> *** EPrints developers Forum: http://forum.eprints.org/
>>>
>